Friday, May 22, 2020
Our government has not always been as successful as it is today. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s government began with the Articles of Confederation and separate state constitutions. This was difficult. The country was not united. Each state took care of everything on their own and the national government could not do anything. Our country had no national money or militia. Traveling was almost impossible. There were very few positive concepts with the Articles of Confederation. Our present government is a federalism. This means there is equal power between the government and the people. Our government is divided into three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. We can find information on these federal branches in the United States Constitution. We findÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The President can convene Congress, make treaties with other nations, and pardon someone of a crimeÃ¢â¬â¢s consequence. There are some differences between the two executive branches, but overall they are part of the government to administer laws. The judicial branch is almost the same in structure at both levels, but unlike in content. The setup of the courts starts with District Court, then goes to the Court of Appeals, and finishes at the Supreme Court. The are 94 federal district courts, and 10 Minnesota district courts. Equal to the federal district court, the state district courts hear the most cases. However, federal courts hear cases that are national offenses, including violated rights in the Constitution, federal crimes, dispute within the U.S. government, controversies between states or between countries, or a crime committed on the high seas. State courts hear criminal and civil cases that take place in that state. This is the main difference between the state and federal levels. The other courts are set up similarly. The court up from the District Court is the Court of Appeals. The Court of Appeals hears appealed cases from the lower court for the second time, but does not come to the verdict of guilty or innocent . The Court of Appeals decides if the case was given a fair trial in the District Court. The number of judges is what differs between federal and state appellate courts. The federal Court of Appeals has a three-judge panel, while theShow MoreRelatedState and Federal Government - The Similarities and Differences1063 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe differences that we see between state governments and federal governments, are mainly because the two governments have completely different jobs to do. The State of Colorado has a preamble that states: Ã¢â¬Å"We, the people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more independent and perfect government; establish justice; insure tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselvesRead MoreComparing the Constitution as a Source of Law With Other Legal Sources1105 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfounding fathers and the Constitution they drafted in the early years of the United States. The Constitution is a major document within American history that sits at the very foundation of other legal processes here in the United States. It helps protect relations between states, our legal process, and our basic rights as American citizens. Other legal sources, such as state and local laws do have some similarities, but are mostly vastly different based on their inherent specific nature; these lawsRead MoreThe United States Governmental System1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The United States governmental system is a complex entity consisting of many parts. One of the most unique aspects of the U.S governmental system is the Bicameral structure which consists of the Federal Government and the State Government. When the framers of the United States Constitution collaborated to make the U.S governmental system they wanted to insure that there was a separation of powers to prevent tyranny, as a result of this state law and federal law was developed. There are many differencesRead MoreAmerican And Australian Federalism : Similarities Between The Us And Australia s Federalist System1707 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessystems operate. Some similarities that consist in their two systems are: they are federations, each have written constitutions that distinctly describe the roles of each branch of government, both have elections regularly where the people elect other people to represent them, the rules and responsibilities for the executive government in carrying out the daily running of the nation are similar, and much more. But there are many more differences in these two systems that similarities. Some of the mainRead MoreComparing The Functions And Power Of Judical, Legislative, And Executive Branches1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFUNCTION AND POWER OF JUDICAL, LEGISLATIVE, AND EXECUTIVE BRANCHES IN FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS The American Constitution has served a critical role throughout the history of the United States and has affected the powers of federal and state governments. The Constitution laid out the separation of power in government between three branches and each role that they should serve. Federalism divides power along national and state government with each holding specific duties to working together effectivelyRead MoreÃ ¯Ã »Ã ¿Comparison and Contrast of Evident Similarities and Bright Contrasts Between United States1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontrast of evident similarities and bright contrasts between United States of America and one of the European country Ã¢â¬â Poland. Both of the countries have similar environment, geographic shapes: mountains, seas, lakes and forests, but different climates. There also differences between politic, religion, nation, history, and culture. At first glance, USA and Poland may seem to be worlds apart. Looking closer, we may see may similarities as well as differences. The similarities are innumerable, yetRead MoreÃ¯ » ¿Comparison and Contrast of Evident Similarities and Bright Contrasts Between United States1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontrast of evident similarities and bright contrasts between United States of America and one of the European country Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Poland. Both of the countries have similar environment, geographic shapes: mountains, seas, lakes and forests, but different climates. There also differences between politic, religion, nation, history, and culture. At first glance, USA and Poland may seem to be worlds apart. Looking closer, we may see may similarities as well as differences. The similarities are innumerable,Read MoreBrazil and the United States: so Different and so Alike. Essay606 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesand the United States: so different and so alike. Brazil can be compared to the United States in several aspects. Both countries have a lot of things in common; however, we can point some differences too. The first thing weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to discuss is the way people act in both countries. Brazil prefers collectivism, whereas the United States prefers individualism. This means that, in Brazil, they support group interaction and think itÃ¢â¬â¢s really important. The United States differs fromRead MoreDental Public Health Programs At The United States1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDental public health programs in the United States operate on federal, state, or local levels. The roles and responsibilities of these programs are directly related to the level of which the program operates. Both similarities and differences can be seen when comparing dental public health programs with regard to organization, financing and delivery of care. Despite differences in the levels in which different dental public health programs operate, all of the programs share a common, generalizedRead MoreThe Legal System Of The United Kingdom1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe legal systems of the United Kin gdom and the United States share a number of obvious resemblances which stem from the history of the countries. Today, throughout England, Wales and Northern Ireland the primary legal system in place is still a Common Law system however the system in Scotland is a combination of both common law and civil law . A common law system will acquire the majority of its laws through past cases with inferior courts being bound by higher courts, in civil law systems there
Friday, May 8, 2020
I put on my mask and I get on my shoes as I walk out into the camerasÃ¢â¬â¢ views. The glare from the cameras are unbearable as the summer s been starting. The hazen white and cream of the Inner Citadel was always blindingly bright in the light that came from the sky lamp. I hated it in the Inner Citadel, always have, always will. I grew up here as a child, cameras watching my every move. Remember to put on the mask they would tell me. My mask was special; I was a jam maker. My mask was white with a pink strawberry in it, with the number 213-09-07 in each of the seeds. The cameras constantly scanned my face, as jam makers were both rare and important. Jam was used for everything, from food, to happiness, to even water. Everything was madeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They lived out in the Outer Citadel, why would one be here? Then, I heard a chink and felt something sharp in my neck. I pull it out before anything is injected, and the camera tries to inject me again. This time, I run for the truck. Why were they chasing me? I had done nothing wrong? I run about five feet ahead of it when something grabs my leg, pulling me into the ground. It was a security worker of 86 was holding me down to ensure my euthanization. I bite at his hand and he releases me. I run again, not looking behind and running into the trunk of the truck. By then, everyone was inside, waiting for the driver to take it away. I closed the back ha tch, and waited for the truck to move before I breathed. The truck started to drive, and I took my mask off and relaxed. I was going to be killed. I touch my neck, a large welt starting to form. I look at the packages to realize that there were tons of illegally stored Happiness brand joy pills here. There were enough pills to make everyone in the Inner Citadel happy for a few years. I was wondering what was going on, until the truck stopped and I jolted forward. I heard footsteps come closer to the back, then I heard the driver and someone else talk. I jump when a man opens the back, letting light flood into the trunk. He starts shouting to his buddies, and they quickly grab their guns and started to aim. Ã¢â¬Å"Listen, fellas. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want any trouble,Ã¢â¬ I say as calmly asShow MoreRelatedCompare and Contrast of Quindlen and Lutz800 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesreading and examining two essays, Ã¢â¬Å"Life under the chief doublespeak officerÃ¢â¬ a narrative by William Lutz and Ã¢â¬Å"HomelessÃ¢â¬ , a descriptive by Anna Quindlen, I firmly believe that Quindlen provides the preferred essay due to the gravity of her subject, greater personal relevance, and that her material allows the reader to sympathize with the subject matter. William LutzÃ¢â¬â¢s essay addresses the growing trend in Corporate America to disguise actions with words and or phrases that mask the intention of the companyRead MoreAnalysis Of Bid The World Farewell By Jessica Mitford947 Words Ã |Ã 4 PageswriterÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude toward their subject matter and audience. To analyze any literary essay, recognizing tone is vital to understanding how the writer feels about the subject he has written about but also the underlying message he is trying to convey. In the essay written by the investigative reporter Jessica Mitford entitled, Ã¢â¬Å"To Bid the World FarewellÃ¢â¬ Tone is very pronounced and effective in getting the main point of the essay across. The author uses many different tones, from which I have selected threeRead MoreBenefits of Scientific Knowledge on Health and Behavior1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesadequate scientific knowledge, our ancestors had buried their common senses deep under the mask of ignorant personalities but it was the scientific revolution in nineteenth century that unsheathed it and now we can see that the whole world is globalized due to this scientific revolution. Science has affected human life and culture in many ways and requires numerous books to discuss its impacts on us. So in this essay my goal is only to describe the impacts on health and behavior in comparison with the pastRead MoreA Writer s Tale - Original Writing1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagescouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help it. Even since I found out I could evade my bedtime by claiming I had to use the bathroom, I would stay in there for hours, reading a book that I found could not wait until tomorrow. So there I was, sitting on the toilet with the lid clamped shut. A book was in my hands, it was slightly hard to read because my hair would cascade around my hunched over form and block the florescent light. I carried on reading, occasionally tossing my hair around when it became too much of nuisance. Read MoreThe Uniqueness And Complexity Of David Foster Wallace s `` Infinite Jest `` Essay1791 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesreaders worldwide (Ericson). In addition, throughout his career, he published several other novels, short stories, and nonfiction articles. His most popular works include The Broom of the System, Girl with Curious Hair, Consider the Lobster and Other Essays, and The Pale King (Ericson). Wallace is known for the stylistic devices of footnotes, endnotes, abbreviations, and specialized jargon, and the literary techniques of metafiction, hyperreality, irony, and fragmentation (Ericson). Thematically, heRead MoreEssay on The Use of Laughter in Poetry by Langston Hughes2140 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Use of Laughter in Poetry by Langston Hughes Jessie Fauset explains in her essay The Gift of Laughter that black comedy developed not as a method for blacks to make people laugh, but as a necessary emotional outlet for black people to express their struggles and hardships. The funny man took on a much more serious emotion than appeared on the surface level. Comedy was one of the few means black people had available to them to express themselves. The paradoxical definition ofRead MoreThe History of The Old Lie and Poetry of Wilfred Owen2490 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pageswas trying to get across therefore he done it well. Wilfred Owen was a poet who lived from 1893-1918. He was 25 when he was killed in the war. Owen called the Latin saying Dulce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori the old lie. In this essay I am going to look at two of Owens poems to show and explain in detail why Owen called this motto the old lie, these poems are; Anthem for Doomed Youth and Dulce et Decorum Est. Anthem for doomed youth is a well known poem that was Read More Comparing the Love of Romeo and Juliet, Twelfth Night and the Bible4838 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã It is necessary, of course, to begin by explaining what the Biblical evaluation of love is. Of all the references to love in the Bible, and there are many, three sources apply best to this discussion. In the Old Testament, Song of Songs, a descriptive love poem between a woman and her true love, has many parallels to love in Romeo and Juliet. St. Johns first epistle provides a profound insight into the nature of love. He states that there is no fear in love; perfect love drives out all fearRead More Robert Browning Poems: My Last Duchess and Porphyrias Lover3774 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagescelebrated poets of the Victorian age. His two poems I am working from, My Last Duchess and Porphyrias Lover, are just samples of his eminent work. Browning wrote a range of monologues when living in Italy with his wife, Elizabeth Barret. Dramatic monologues are the basis of the essay. I will discuss whether (or not) each poem creates a character who reveals himself in what he has to say. My Last Duchess is a monologue spoken by the Duke. He talks about his relationshipRead MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins3246 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesher first kill. The Ã¢â¬Å"arrow drives deeply into the center of his neckÃ¢â¬ ¦ then I [Katniss] realizeÃ¢â¬ ¦ he was my first kill.Ã¢â¬ (Collins, 233-4) The authorÃ¢â¬â¢s imagery explicitly describes the harsh conditions the protagonist is fighting against as having a negative impact and potentially ruining her humanity. It further demonstrates to the reader the negative consequences of hunting. Collins uses descriptive language to make the Ã¢â¬Å"killÃ¢â¬ (Collins, 234) both real and imaginable. The thought of being in The Hunger
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Electronic commerce which Is commonly known as E-commerce or E-business Is a modern concept of doing business. In laymanÃ¢â¬â¢s language, It Is the buying and selling of products and services over electronic systems which mainly comprises of Internet. In this form of business the payment for goods and services is also done electronically I. We will write a custom essay sample on Commonly known or any similar topic only for you Order Now E. By using credit cards. This concept has reached its maturity in developed countries like the united States of America and united Kingdom, but it is still new for emerging economies of developing countries like Pakistan, India, and Egypt etc. E-commerce is mainly considered to be limited to the sales aspect of the business, but it also entails the exchange of data and payment aspect of the transaction. 1. 2 Types of E-commerce: E-commerce Is mainly divided into the following types: 1. 2. 1 Business-to-Business (BOB): The BOB transactions are taking place between business concerns I. E. Manufacturers, wholesalers, suppliers, distributors. Applications of e-commerce for BOB not only Involve efficient trading but also encompasses myriad of activities like forecasting of customer demand, flow of the needed information among concerned parties, etc. Transactions with ultimate consumers by manufacturers, middlemen, etc. Are however excluded from the area of BOB. 1. 2. 2 Business-to-consumer (BBC): BBC advert to a business transaction taking place between a manufacturer, or retailer on the one hand, and an ultimate consumer for non-business use, on the other hand. Opening an online store is not a big investment today for a SEEM. In developed countries retailers are selling wide range of products and services over the net. They consider web site as a major part of the promotional and advertising campaign along with the use of other tools such as advertising directories, newspaper advertising ND signage. A number of advantages accrue to both the retailers and consumers, Included among them are; Shopping can be faster and more convenient; retailers get access to larger customer base: retailers can make approach not only to national but also to international customers; and incur lesser running cost than physical stores. There are also some challenges that are faced in e-commerce in using its BBC model. The two major hurdles that come across BBC e-commerce are, firstly, bringing and making large number of customers to buy online, and secondly, to make a customer loyal to your online store for a longer period of time. Small retailers mainly find it difficult to maintain their competitiveness due to the rapid changes taking place in technology, changing customer preferences and maintaining lower prices. Generally online customers are more price-conscious and are easily tempted by slightly lesser price, which makes It more difficult for retailers to retain online customers. . 2. 3 Business-to-Employees (BEE): BEE e-commerce generally refers to ordering for supplies by employees which they use in their jobs, but this concept has now really grown and includes much more. For very easily by using BEE e-commerce. These orders are completely electronic in tauter and supervisors are asked to approve these orders Just to monitor that employee does not exceeds its order limit. BEE allow the emp loyee to access their own records in order to update address information, and maintain their internal resume. A major benefit that companies have got by adopting BEE technologies is that it has dramatically reduced the administrative cost and has also lowered the burden of human resources department for maintaining employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ information and records. 1. 2. 4 Consumer-to-Business (CB): CB e-commerce refers to a setting in which consumers decide what they want to ay, and the vendors decide whether, or not to accept the consumer Ã¢â¬Ës bid. The following is an example of CB. A person wants to fly from Appeaser to Karachi, but has only RSI. 8000 in the bank account to make the payment for this round- trip. He advertises on an Internet CB site, looking for airlines that are offering this round trip for RSI. 8000, or less. The main feature of the Internet here is that it creates a segment of customers with specific need of services in which a number of airliners will be interested in offering those services. 1. 2. 5 Consumer-to-consumer (ICC): ICC e-commerce refers to a setting where consumers among themselves buy and sell goods. The most popular example of ICC e-commerce is Ã¢â¬Å"e-bayÃ¢â¬â¢, it is a website which brings a large number of people from all over America and I-J, provide them a platform where they can auction their personal belongings. This concept has also been adopted in Pakistan. Most popular example from Pakistan would be Ã¢â¬Å"Passels. ComÃ¢â¬ where cars are being auctioned by their owners, and are purchased by other consumers. ICC e-commerce has its own advantages, including the following are some: access to broader market, no intermediary is involved, convenient or buyers to search the product they are looking for with the required specifications. Other than five major types of e-commerce, the following are the names of some not so popular types of e?commerce which are not meant for commercial use. Government-to-Government (EGG), Government-to-Employee (GEE), Government-to- Business (BOB), Business-to-Government (826), Government-to-citizen (EGG), Citizen- to-Government (COG), are amongst these modes of commerce. These modes are mainly used for administrative work such as registrations to licenses renewal, filing taxes to businesses, etc. This research is mainly related to Business to Consumer (BBC) e-commerce which is commonly known as E-tailing or virtual storefront. So before proceeding forward in the report it would be better to first explain E-tailing briefly and review its history. 1. 3 E-Tailing: E-tailing (electronic retailing) is the selling of consumer products on the net, examples of goods commonly transacted includes books, garments, games, fashion accessories, etc. The idea of E-tailing was one of the talked about topic, whenever discussions related to internet took place among economists, analysts and entrepreneurs back in the year 1995. E-tailing is synonymous with business-to- consumer (BBC) transaction. E-tailing began to work for some big companies and some Seems in America in the year 1997 when Dell Computer reported that multimillion dollar orders were taken at its Web site. In the same year Barnes and Nobles e-tail site was launched. This website was launched in haste after watching e-tail site was opened on the same footings as that of Amazon. In the year 1997 many companies biblically announced their achievements they had made in their e-tailing business, for example sale of the millionth car over the web by Auto-By-Tell, and Nielsen MediaÃ¢â¬â¢s recorded 10 million people purchasing goods on the Web in the same year. Growing popularity of e-tailing resulted in the development of software programs that were used for creating online catalogs, and also had management tools that will help businesses that are operating on the internet. 1. 4 Key drivers of E-tailing: Different key drivers of E-tailing are identified by many researchers over the years because the understanding of these key factors, E-tailing trends in different countries can easily be analyzed. The following are some of the main key drivers that are generally discussed by many writers and researchers. How to cite Commonly known, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Tell Tale Heart Tell tale heart True!--nervous--very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why will you say that I am mad? The disease had sharpened my senses--not destroyed--not dulled them. Above all was the sense of hearing acute. I heard all things in the heavens and in the earth. I heard many things in hell. How, then, am I mad? ...Now this is the point. You fancy me mad. Madmen know nothing. But you should have seen me. You should have seen how wisely I proceeded--with what caution--with what foresight--with what dissimulation I went to work! I was never kinder to the old man than during the whole week before I killed him. It is impossible to say how the idea of murdering the old man first entered the mind of the narrator. There was no real motive as stated by the narrator: Object there was none. Passion there was none. I loved the old man. He had never wronged me....For his gold I had no desire. I think that it was his eye! The narrator states that one of the old man's eyes was a pale blue color with a film over it, which resembled the eye of a vulture. Just the sight of that eye made the narrator's blood run cold, and as a result, the eye (and with it the old man) must be destroyed. Every night at midnight, the narrator went to the old man's room. Carefully, he turned the latch to the door, and opened it without making a sound. When a sufficient opening had been made, a covered lantern was thrust inside. I undid the lantern cautiously...(for the hindges creaked)--I undid it just so much that a single thin ray fell upon the vulture eye. And this I did for seven long nights...but I found the eye always closed; and so it was impossible to do the work; for it was not the old man who vexed me, but his Evil Eye. The old man suspected nothing. During the day, the narrator continued to perform his usual duties, and even dared to ask each morning how the old man had passed the night; however, at midnight, the nightly ritual continued. Upon the eighth night, the narrator proceeded to the old man's room as usual; however, on this night, something was different. Never before that night had I felt the extent of my powers--of my sagacity....To think that I was, opening the door, little by little, and he not even to dream of my secret deeds or thoughts. I fairly chuckled at the idea; and perhaps he heard me; for he moved on the bed suddenly, as if startled. Now you may think that I drew back--but no. His room was as black as pitch...so I knew that he could not see the opening of the door....I had my head in, and was about to open the lantern, when my thumb slipped upon the tin fastening...the old man sprang up in bed, crying out--'Who's there?' The narrator kept quiet, and did not move for an entire hour. The old man did not lie back down; he was sitting up. Even in that darkness, I knew that he had been lying awake ever since the first slight noise....His fears had been ever since growing upon him. He had been trying to fancy them causeless, but could not. When I had waited a long time, very patiently...I resolved to open a little--a very, very little crevice in the lantern. So I opened it--you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily--until, at length, a single dim ray, like the thread of a spider, shot from out the crevice and fell full upon the vulture eye. The eye was wide open. I saw it with perfect distinctness--all a dull blue, with a hideous veil over it that chilled the very marrow in my bones....[N]othing else of the old man's face or person [could be seen]. And now have I not told you that what you mistake for madness is but over-acuteness of the senses? For at that moment, the narrator heard the sound such as a watch would make when it is enveloped in cotton. I knew that sound well too.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
D O M I C A Essays - Free Essays, Term Papers, Research Papers D O M I C A Je to najvacsia jaskya Slovenskeho krasu. Jej zakladom je wettersteinsky vapenec abola vytvorena cinnosou Styxu aDomickeho potoka. Stala sa aj kratkodobou skrysou pre najstarsich neolitickych obyvateov, neskor jej povodny vchod vsak bol zava leny astala sa nedostupnou. Vroku 1926 J. Majko ako prvy prenikol cez jaskyu Stara Domica do Domice avroku 1932 bola tato jaskya spristupnena pre verejnos. Na mnohych miestach sa nasli staroveke nadoby, zbrane zkosti, hrebene ci prstene, tieto stopy minulosti potvrdili , ze nasi predkovia obyvali jaskyu Domica. Stala sa aj naleziskom kosti jaskynneho medvea. Teraz vtejto jaskyni zije az 16 druhov netopierov. Vroku 1995 bola spolu s alsimi jaskyami Slovenskeho krasu zapisana do Zoznamu svetoveho prirodneho dedicstva UNESCO. Ako jedina jaskya na Slovensku ponuka okrem obhliadky stalaktitov, stalagmitov, stalagnatov a kaskadovitych jazierok aj plavbu lokou po riecke Styx . J e prepojena nielen sjaskyou Stara Domica, ale aj sCertovou dierou atvori jednotny celok sjaskyou Baradla , do ktorej sa vchadza z uzemia Maarska . Juliane Gerbel , TA Zdroje: ssj.sk slovensky-kras.eu
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
The History of Barbed Wire or the Thorny Fence Patents for improvements to wire fencing were granted by the U.S. Patent Office, beginning with Michael Kelly in November 1868 and ending with Joseph Glidden in November 1874, that shape the history of this tool. Thorny Fence vs. Wild West The swift emergence of this highly effective tool as the favored fencing method changed life in the wild west as dramatically as the rifle, six-shooter, telegraph, windmill, and locomotive. Without fencing, livestock grazed freely, competing for fodder and water. Where working farms did exist, most properties were unfenced and open to foraging by roaming cattle and sheep. Before barbed wire, the lack of effective fencing limited farming and ranching practices, and the number of people who could settle in an area. The new fencing changed the West from vast and undefined prairies/plains to a land of farming, and widespread settlement. Why Wire Was Used Wooden fences were costly and difficult to acquire on the prairie and plains, where few trees grew. Lumber was in such short supply in the region that farmers were forced to build houses of sod. Likewise, rocks for stone walls were scarce on the plains. Barbed wire proved to be cheaper, easier, and quicker to use than any of these other alternatives. Michael Kelly Invented the First Barbed Wire Fencing The first wire fences (before the invention of the barb) consisted of only one strand of wire, which was constantly broken by the weight of cattle pressing against it. Michael Kelly made a significant improvement to wire fencing, he twisted two wires together to form a cable for barbs - the first of its kind. Known as the thorny fence, Michael Kellys double-strand design made fences stronger, and the painful barbs made cattle keep their distance. Joseph Glidden Was Considered the King of the Barb Predictably, other inventors sought to improve upon Michael Kellys design; among them was Joseph Glidden, a farmer from De Kalb, IL. In 1873 and 1874, patents were issued for various designs to compete against Micheal Kellys invention. But the recognized winner was Joseph Gliddens design for a simple wire barb locked onto a double-strand wire. Joseph Gliddens design made barbed wire more effective, he invented a method for locking the barbs in place, and invented the machinery to mass-produce the wire. Joseph Gliddens U.S. patent was issued on November 24, 1874. His patent survived court challenges from other inventors. Joseph Glidden prevailed in litigation and sales. Today, it remains the most familiar style of barbed wire. Impact Living patterns of the nomadic Native Americans were radically altered. Further squeezed from lands they had always used, they began calling barbed wire the Devils rope. More fenced-off land meant that cattle herders were dependent on the dwindling public lands, which rapidly became overgrazed. Cattle herding was destined to become extinct. Barbed Wire, Warfare, and Security After its invention, barbed wire was widely used during wars, to protect people and property from unwanted intrusion. Military usage of barbed wire formally dates to 1888, when British military manuals first encouraged its use. During the Spanish-American War, Teddy Roosevelts Rough Riders chose to defend their camps with the help of barbed fencing. In turn-of-the-century South Africa, five-strand fences were linked to blockhouses sheltering British troops from the encroachment of Boer commandos. During World War I, barbed wire was used as a military weapon. Even now, barbed wire is widely used to protect and safeguard military installation, to establish territorial boundaries, and for prisoner confinement. Used on construction and storage sites and around warehouses, barbed wire protects supplies and persons and keeps out unwanted intruders.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Investment Finance-II - Assignment Example Answer Ã¢â¬â 1: HPR, AAR and GAR The company selected for Part - A is AMP Ltd. It is a financial services company headquartered in Sydney, Australia. a) The monthly HPR (Holding Period Returns) can be calculated using the following formula: HPR = (end period value Ã¢â¬â initial value)/initial value The data for HPR is the adjusted close price of AMP Ltd starting from July 2013 to June 2015. The results of the calculation are summarized graphically below: Variance, standard deviation, maximum and minimum is calculated using the following formulas, Standard deviation = ; in excel, SD = stdev (array of numbers) Variance = (SD)2 Maximum = max (array of numbers) Minimum = min (array of numbers) The results of calculation is summarized and shown below:- The arithmetic average and geometric average of returns are calculated in excel using the functions AVERAGE (array of numbers) and GEOMEAN(array of numbers) and the results are shown below: d) Based on the given problem the number of shares bought are 11,055 as shown below The number of shares is calculated by diving available funds with adjusted close price Based on the given assumptions the total gain will be $ 23,598 as shown below